The Burgundy wine growing region, with its 27,000 hectares of vines, has sub-regions with extremely varied terroirs that are called 'climats' (climates). This one of a kind characteristic contributes to the Burgundy wine growing region's prestigious reputation. Burgundy wines also stand out due to their single grape variety character, which means that they are developed using just one single grape variety. The region's two most widespread grape varieties are Pinot Noir (red wine) and Chardonnay (white wine). Burgundy wines more specifically include wines from prestigious appellations such as Vougeot, Vosne-Romanée, Côte de Nuits-Saint-Georges, and also Meursault, Pommard, Puligny-Montrachet, and Chassagne-Montrachet.