Neighbouring Burgundy, the Jura forms part of France's northern wine growing regions. It has a semi-continental climate with warm and dry summers, cold winters and rainy springs. But there are many micro-climates within this wine growing region, which vary depending on relief and exposure.The grape varieties used for producing red wine are Poulsard, Pinot Noir and Trousseau. They represent approximately 40% of the vine population, whereas the white wine mainly contains Chardonnay and Savagnin: Jurassian grape varieties par excellence.The Jura wine growing region has a total of 4 geographical appellations: the regional appellation Côtes du Jura (the most widespread), and the Arbois, Etoile and Château-Chalon appellations. They can all be followed by the wording "vin jaune" (yellow wine) or "vin de paille" (straw wine), with the exception of Château-Chalon which exclusively produces yellow wines. The Jura is one of the smallest wine growing regions in France with its 2,000 hectares, but its famous yellow wine gives its worldwide recognition.