Covering a surface area of 75,600 hectares of vines, the Rhône Valley region is the 2nd largest wine growing region in France after Bordeaux. It is mainly famous for its Côtes-du-Rhône regional appellation, which covers its entire territory and is divided into two parts, a northern and southern part. The northern part of the Rhône Valley enjoys a semi-continental climate and produces powerful, easy-to-store wines. It is the home of the prestigious appellations of Côte-rotie, Saint-Joseph, Cornas and Crozes-hermitage.The southern part of the Rhône Valley, which enjoys milder weather conditions, produces fine and fruity wines. Several appellations contribute to its prestige, including Châteauneuf-du-Pape, which is undoubtly the most famous of all.Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre and Cinsault are the most used grape varieties in the production of red wine from the Rhône Valley. Marsanne, Roussane, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Bourboulenc and Viognier are mainly used for its white wine.